Ellora Caves

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Ellora caves, a World Heritage Site, were built by the Rashtrakuta rulers between the 5th and 10th century. These ‘caves’, excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills, represent the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture.

The site consists of 12 Buddhist (caves 1-12), 17 Hindu (caves 13-29) and 5 Jain (caves 30-34) caves built in close proximity, demonstrating the religious harmony prevalent during this period of Indian history.

Kailash Temple

Kailash Temple, the world’s largest monolithic structure, was built in the 18th century by Rashtrakuta king Krishna I.

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad

The carvers started at the top of the rock and worked their way downwards, scooping out about 200,000 tons of rock.

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Shiva Temple

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Mahabharata

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Influences from foreign civilizations

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Dhvajastambhas (Pillars with flagstaff)

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Elephants supporting the temple on their backs

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad>
Lord Shiva losing to Parvati

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Lord Shiva killing Raktabija

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
Shiva Parvati Vivah

kailash temple ellora caves aurangabad
View from the upper floor

Cave # 10

Cave #10, AKA Carpenter’s cave, is the only Chaitya (Buddist Shrine) in Ellora.

ellora caves aurangabad
The carved roof resembles timber constructions

ellora caves aurangabad
Central altar

Cave # 12

Also known as Teen Thal, Cave # 12 is one of the largest caves in the Buddist group.

ellora caves aurangabad

ellora caves aurangabad

ellora caves aurangabad

Cave # 32

Cave # 32 is a two storeyed cave with a monolithic shrine.

ellora caves aurangabad
Elephant

It is also known as Indra Sabha (Assembly Hall of Indra, the king of gods).

ellora caves aurangabad
Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara

ellora caves aurangabad
Yaksha Matanga on an elephant

ellora caves aurangabad
Yakshi Neminatha seated on her lion under a mango tree

ellora caves aurangabad
Indra Sabha

ellora caves aurangabad
Intricately carved pillar, Indra Sabha

ellora caves aurangabad

Cave # 33

Cave #33 has well preserved sculptures, five independent shrines, each with its own columned Mandapa. It is also known as Jagannatha Sabha.

ellora caves aurangabad

ellora caves aurangabad

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